IVF Treatment, Risks, Precautions
In Vitro Fertilisation is a process where eggs from the female reproductive system are removed and placed into a laboratory dish containing sperm that has been collected from the male partner. The egg cells are then stimulated to divide so they can be fertilized with the sperm. This results in multiple embryos being created which may or may not develop further after implantation. Why it’s done
The main reason people undergo IVF treatment is that they want children but don’t produce enough eggs or their eggs aren’t able to become pregnant after intercourse. Other reasons include:
If you’re over 40 years old, there’s less chance that you’ll get pregnant naturally. You could also have other medical conditions that make getting pregnant difficult. For example, if you’ve had cancer treatments before, you may need additional tests to see if you still have any remaining cells that were affected by chemotherapy.
You might find yourself infertile due to your lifestyle choices such as smoking cigarettes, drinking alcohol excessively or taking drugs like cocaine. If this is the case, you will probably struggle to conceive even when using fertility medication.
Your body isn’t producing enough of certain hormones needed for pregnancy. These hormones help regulate ovulation and stimulate the lining of the uterus to prepare for conception.
There are some cases where infertility occurs without obvious causes. In these situations, doctors use advanced techniques to try and identify what’s causing the problem. They do this through testing blood samples, examining ultrasound scans, and looking at previous pregnancies.
IVF Treatment Process
Before starting an IVF cycle, your doctor will usually perform one or more tests on you to check how well your body functions during periods of time when you’re trying to conceive. Your doctor will look at things like hormone levels, ovarian reserve, and cervical mucus quality. He/she will also take a sample of fluid called semen from inside your penis. Semen contains millions of healthy sperms ready to swim towards the egg cell.
Once all the necessary information has been gathered, your doctor will discuss whether he thinks you should go ahead with IVF treatment. There are two types of IVF cycles – fresh embryo transfer and frozen embryo transfer. Both methods involve removing mature eggs from your ovaries and placing them together with sperm in a lab dish. However, only the first method involves creating new embryos while the second uses previously stored ones.
Fresh Embryo Transfer
This type of IVF procedure begins with a series of injections designed to trigger ovulation. Once the eggs start developing, they are taken out of the woman’s body and put into a special incubator. The next step is fertilization. During this process, the man’s sperm enters the egg cell and combines with its DNA. After about 24 hours, the resulting zygote starts dividing rapidly until it reaches around 200 cells. At this point, the embryo can be transferred back into the womb.
This whole process takes approximately three days. It’s important not to rush this stage because too many immature embryos can cause problems later down the line.
The main advantage of this technique is that it allows women who don’t produce very large numbers of eggs to become pregnant. Also, since the embryos aren’t created artificially, their genetic makeup remains intact.
However, it does mean that you won’t know which embryo was implanted successfully until after 12 weeks gestation. This means there may be no way of knowing if any particular embryo would have resulted in a successful birth.
If you decide to undergo this form of IVF treatment, you’ll need to wait several months before attempting another round of IVF. You might want to consider freezing your own embryos so that you can store them safely for future attempts.
You can freeze your own embryos by putting them in liquid nitrogen tanks. These tanks keep the temperature below minus 196 degrees Celsius. When you remove the embryos from these tanks, they remain viable for up to five years.
You can then thaw them whenever you feel ready to attempt another pregnancy. If you choose to use frozen embryos, you must make sure that you follow certain guidelines. For example, you shouldn’t let the embryos warm above room temperature as doing so could damage them.
Also, when using frozen embryos, you should avoid transferring more than one at a time. Doing so increases the risk of multiple births or miscarriages.
IVF Treatment Success Rates: How do I Know Which Method Is Right?
There isn’t much difference between the success rates of both techniques. In fact, most doctors agree that the chances of getting pregnant through either method are similar. In general, the chance of having a baby following an assisted reproductive technology cycle depends on how old you are, whether you’re trying to conceive naturally or via ART, and what kind of infertility issues you face.
For instance, older couples tend to have lower success rates than younger people. And those who suffer from unexplained fertility problems often fare worse than others.
As far as choosing between fresh and frozen embryos, experts say that the decision comes down to personal preference. Some patients prefer the convenience of storing their embryos while other individuals find the idea of creating life unnerving.
So, ultimately, the choice will come down to your individual circumstances. However, some things are worth considering. First off, if you’ve already had children, you probably wouldn’t want to go through all the trouble again. On top of that, if you plan to adopt, you’d likely prefer to start out with healthy embryos rather than ones that were produced under less-than-ideal conditions.
Finally, if you don’t mind waiting longer to get pregnant, you might opt for fresh embryos over frozen ones because they take about three times as long to produce. But remember that even though they last longer, they also cost more money. So, depending on your situation, you might end up paying more overall just to save yourself a few days.