Why PCOS May be the Culprit
Hormonal imbalances lead to a multitude of symptoms, including unexplained weight gain, adult acne and hair loss. Having lived for years now with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS), I’ve had my fair share of ups and downs, as I’m sure most sufferers have. PCOS is a disease in which the hormones of a female are out of control, caused by the ovaries developing in tiny cysts.
These hormone imbalances contribute to a multitude of effects, including unexplained weight gain, obesity in adults, hair loss, erratic periods, and concerns of infertility. It also seems like these signs strip you of your femininity, which most ladies will accept.
I don’t want to leave the house for days because I’ve had such a terrible skin flare-up that even the strongest makeup can’t hide it. My hair had thinned so much one year that I had to wear hair clip-ins.
Causes of PCOS
The disease appears to be relatively overlooked, despite PCOS affecting about one in 10 women. It is the most prevalent endocrine condition and the leading cause of female infertility in women between the ages of 18 and 44. “What causes PCOS is not a definite answer,” says Dr Anna Burattin, consultant for endocrinology and metabolic disorders at Abu Dhabi Burjeel Hospital.
“It is definitely the product of both genetic and environmental causes. PCOS women also have a mother or sibling suffering from the disease. In the United Arab Emirates [UAE], we have seen a very large number of these events. Therefore, we never remove it from our diagnosis until we conduct the tests needed.
Dr Wafa Elias Nabhan agrees with that. I have been working as an endocrinologist at NMC Royal Hospital [in Abu Dhabi] in the UAE for almost six months now, and I think there is substantial knowledge among women consulting themselves or their affected daughters about this disease.
You ought to bear in mind that this disorder is polygenic and environmental multifactorial, and has a major psychosocial effect on femininity. Irregular menstruation, miscarriage, hyper-androgenic acne and varying degrees of symptomatology are the most prominent signs.
The prevalent signs are linked to menstrual cycle irregularities and elevated levels of male hormones known as androgens,” Dr. Burattin says.” This may lead to infertility; unusual, absence and/or abnormal menstrual periods; hirsutism [increased growth of hair on the face or body]; acne, oily skin or dandruff; weight gain or obesity, typically with extra weight around the waist; thinning hair; dense and dark skin patches; skin tags [excess flaps of skin in the armpits or neck area]; fear or depredation of the skin in the armpits or neck area]
There should not be a ‘one-size-fits-all’ recovery plan and conditions differ from person to person. “A person will typically have some of these symptoms, and it is not necessary for them to suffer from all of the symptoms listed,” says Dr Burattin.
For PCOS, there is no proven treatment, although it can be handled. Those with PCOS are typically recommended to incorporate some behavioral improvements by their doctor that will help alleviate symptoms. They are, according to Dr Burattin:
1. Weight loss:
“Losing just 10 percent of your body weight when you have PCOS can help relieve some of the symptoms.” An exercise regimen and diet schedule that can be practiced to support weight loss should be recommended by the doctor.
2. Sleep time:
Get seven or more hours of sleep a day, since a good amount of sleep will help you lose weight.
“Metformin, a prescription medication that supports the insulin sensitivity of your body, may be able to help you conceive.” The amount of male hormones that flow through your body and mess with your ability to get pregnant will be decreased by Metformin.
4. Quitting smoking:
“Fertility interferes with smoking.”
5. Hair care:
“Changes in lifestyle such as stopping packaged and frozen food, having enough sleep and consuming plenty of water will improve. Androgen levels are lowered by birth-control drugs and anti-androgens. They are typically the first option to suppress hair development in unwanted areas for the treatment of hirsutism.
6. Turning to nature:
‘Natural supplements can play a role in improving the symptoms of PCOS, such as nettle roots, green tea, spearmint tea, vitamin D and folic acid, for example.’